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VW Volkswagen Superbug 1600 - 1302S 1303S 1971-1975
Volkswagen VW Super Bug 1600 1971 - 1975 Gregorys Owners Service & Repair Manual covers the Australian spec "Super Bug" 1302S and 1303S series S and L fitted with the 1600c engine 4 cylinder engine.
Engine Covered: Type 1, 1600 (1584 cc) horizontally opposed 4-cylinder
In 1971, alongside continued production associated with the "standard" Beetle, a Type 1 variant which featured MacPherson strut front suspension and a redesigned front end. Officially known (and marketed in Europe) seeing that the VW 1302 from 1971 to 1972, and VW 1303 from 1973 onwards, but commonly called Super Beetle, the actual brand new stretched nose design replaced the dual parallel torsion bar beams which in fact have compromised trunk space and relocated the spare tire written by a near vertical as opposed to a low horizontal position. The redesign resulted in a tighter turning radius despite a 20 mm (0.79 in) longer wheelbase, and also a doubling associated with the front compartment's cargo volume. As with previous models, air pressure coming from the spare tire pressurized the windshield washer canister, rather than some sort of pump.
Nineteen Sventy Two Super Beetles had an 11% larger rear window (4 mm (0.16 in) taller), larger front brakes, four rows of vents (versus two rows previously) on the engine deck lid, tail lights incorporating reverse lights, a four-spoke energy-absorbing steering wheel and steering column, as well as an engine compartment socket to build a proprietary VW Diagnosis system.
In 1973, the VW 1303 introduced a curved windscreen, pushed forward and off the passengers, allowing a redesigned, padded dashboard to replace the pre-1973 vertical dash. A two-speed heater fan, higher rear mudguards, and larger tail lights were added. The changes on to the heater/windshield wiper housing and curved windshield resulted in slight redesign belonging to the front hood, making the 1971 and NINETEEN SEVETY TWO Super Beetle hoods unique.
For 1974, the previous flat steel bumper mounting brackets were replaced with tubular "self restoring energy absorbing" attachments, effectively shock absorbers to get a bumpers, on North American market Beetles. These cars also got stronger "5 mph" bumpers that added an inch path of the entire car. The steering knuckle and consequently the lower attachment point of the strut was redesigned to further improve handling and stability just in case a tire blowout. It is easy to struts from pre-1974 Super Beetles are not interchangeable with 1974-79s.
1975 models featured Air Flow Control (AFC) Fuel Injection System on U.S., Canadian, and Japanese Beetles, a derivative belonging to the more complex Bosch fuel injection used inside of the Volkswagen Type III - and equivalent to Bosch L-jetronic. The fuel-injected engine also received a new muffler and therefore the option of an upstream catalytic converter required on some models (e.g. California), necessitating a bulge on the inside rear apron sheet metal directly under the rear bumper, and replacing the distinctive dual "pea shooter" pipes which has a single offset tailpipe - making fuel-injected models identifiable immediately. Other changes were gear steering replacing the more common worm and roller gearbox on Super Beetles, along with a larger license plate lamp housing below the engine lid. The front turn indicators were moved out of your the surface of the fenders straight into the bumper bars on European models.
In 1976, the not compulsory "Auto-stick" transmission and also the Super Beetle sedan were discontinued, with VW continuing in order to the high quality sedan and VW 1303 convertible. 1976-on convertibles received no significant engineering changes, only a few cosmetic touches and new paint options, just like the "Champagne Edition" models (white on white was one example) in direction of the final 1979 "Epilogue Edition" black on black, in salute with regard to the first Beetles produced in the 1930s. 1977 model sedans received front seats with separate head restraints.