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Mercedes-Benz Diesel 123 Series, 1976 Thru 1985, 200D, 220D, 240D, 240TD, 300D, 300CD, 300TD

The Mercedes W123 is a variety of executive automobiles made by German maker Mercedes-Benz between 1976 and 1985.

The W123 brands surpassed their forerunner, the Mercedes-Benz W114 systems, as the most effective Mercedes, attempting to sell 2.7 million automobiles before substitution because of the Mercedes-Benz W124 after 1985. The excess array of smaller Mercedes-Benz W201 systems are launched in 1982.

Mercedes-Benz launched the W123 four-door variations on 29 January 1976. While there were some technical similarities to their predecessors, the new versions were bigger in wheelbase and external dimensions. The styling was also updated, although stylistic backlinks because of the W114 / W115 were maintained. Initially, all brands except 280/280E featured quad unequal-size circular headlights in addition to second large rectangular products. Whenever facelifted these products became standard throughout the number. All W115 machines had been transported over, using the 3 litre 5-cylinder diesel design becoming renamed from "240D 3.0" to "300D" (because it had already been labeled as before in North American markets). The only latest system ended up being the 250's 2,525 cc inline-six (means M123, a short-stroke version of the 2.8 litre six Type M110) that replaced the old 2,496 cc Type M114 "six".

Inside springtime of 1976, a coup version was launched on a faster wheelbase compared to the saloon (2,710 mm (106.7 in) versus 2,795 mm (110.0 in)) for the saloon). This W123C/CE had been available as a 230C (subsequent 230CE) so that as a 280C/CE in most markets; in united states there have been further 300CD versions with obviously aspirated, later turbocharged 3 litre diesel engines.

Its a tribute towards the vehicle's instant appeal -- and perhaps towards caution built into manufacturing schedules -- that nine period following its introduction, a black market had created in Germany for Mercedes-Benz W123s readily available for instant shipments. Subscribers prepared to order brand new automobiles from their neighborhood authorized supplier for recommended list cost encountered prepared occasions in excess of a year. At the same time, systems that have been scarcely utilized and were available virtually immediately commanded a premium across latest price of around DM 5,000.

From August 1977, long-wheelbase versions (3,425 mm (134.8 in)) were created. These were offered as 7/8 seater saloons with work body or as a chassis with complete forward human anatomy video, the latter serving as base for ambulance and hearse bodies by exterior suppliers like Binz or Miesen. These "Lang" models might be bought as 240D, 300D and 250 products.

On Frankfurt Auto program in September, 1977 the W123T home was launched; the T into the model designation endured for "Touring and transportation". All motors derivative except "200TD" are for sale in the product range. T manufacturing began in March, 1978 in Mercedes' Bremen factory.

At the beginning of 1979, the diesel brands power result is increasing; energy rose from 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) to 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) inside 200D, from 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) to 72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) into the 240D and from 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) to 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) in the 300D; at precisely the same time, the 220D went out of production.

The initial Mercedes turbo diesel production W123 starred in September, 1979. It was the 300 TD Turbodiesel, offered with automated transmission only. Generally in most areas, the turbocharged 5-cylinder 3 litre diesel system (Type OM617) ended up being offered best in the T human anatomy style, during North America it absolutely was furthermore obtainable in saloon and coup guises.

June 1980 spotted the introduction of newer four-cylinder petrol machines (Type M102). A new 2 litre four with shorter stroke changed the old M115, a fuel-injected 2.3 litre version of this motor (in 230E/TE/CE) the older carbureted 230. Both machines are stronger than their particular predecessors.

In 1980/81 the carbureted 280 versions sought out of manufacturing; the fuel-injected 280E continued to be offered.

In September 1982 all versions received a moderate renovation. The rectangular headlights, formerly installed only to the 280/280E, had been standardised across the board, as had been energy steering. Since February 1982 an optional five-speed handbook transmission ended up being obtainable in all designs (except the automatic-only 300 turbodiesel).

W123 manufacturing finished in January, 1986 with 63 best T-models moving on. Hottest single designs were the 240D (455,000 built), the 230E (442,000 built), while the 200D (378,000 developed).

W123 introduced innovations including ABS (optional from August, 1980), a retractable steering column and an airbag for the driver (optional from 1982). Energy (vacuum servo) assisted disc brakes were standard on all W123s. Available options included MB-Tex (Mercedes-Benz Texturized Punctured plastic) upholstery or velour or leather-based upholstery, interior lumber trim, traveler part exterior mirror (standard on T designs), 5-speed handbook transmission (European markets just), 4-speed automatic transmission (standard in turbodiesel products), energy microsoft windows with rear-seat change cut-outs, machine operated main locking, rear-facing additional seating (section wagon just), Standheizung (prestart timer-controlled engine heating), self-locking differential, sunlight roofing, air-conditioning, weather controls, "Alpine" horn (selectable quieter horn), headlamp wipers (European markets only), Tempomat (cruise control), power steering (traditional after 1982/08), seat home heating, catalytic converter (available from 1984 for California just, from fall (autumn) 1984 in addition in Germany the 230E which a thousand were built).

The motor OM615, OM621 successor, ended up being sold at the beginning of 1968 in 2 versions: 2 liters (1988cm3) and 2.2L motor (2197cm3). These machines have actually 5 levels due to the fact most recent group of OM 621 motors in traveler cars, the 200D (615,913) 2L motor and the 220D (615,912) 2.2L system.The OM615.940 had been a 2.0 L (1988 cc) engine with an 87 mm bore and 83.6 mm stroke. Power output is 55 hp (41 kW) through 1979 and rose to 60 hp (45 kW).

Solutions:

1976-1979 200D, 55 hp (41 kW)
1979-1985 200D, 60 hp (45 kW)


The motor OM615, OM621 successor, was offered at the beginning of 1968 in 2 versions: 2 liters (1988cm3) and 2.2L system (2197cm3). These machines posses 5 amounts while the latest series of OM 621 motors in passenger cars, the 200D (615,913) 2L motor as well as the 220D (615,912) 2.2L engine.The OM615.940 is a 2.0 L (1988 cc) engine with an 87 mm bore and 83.6 mm stroke. Energy result ended up being 55 hp (41 kW) through 1979 and rose to 60 hp (45 kW).

Applications:

1976-1979 200D, 55 hp (41 kW)
1979-1985 200D, 60 hp (45 kW)


The OM616 had been a 2.4 L (2404 cc) engine with power production of 65 hp (48 kW). In August 1978 the precombustion chamber is updated for more swirl plus efficient burning. The newest camshaft pushes the valves deeper and so the atmosphere and smoke fumes posses less opposition. The system capacity was lowered to (2399 cc) to satisfy motor displacement taxation rules in European countries, but power result rose to 72 hp (54 kW). An equivalent approach power inform around these time has also been finished in the OM615 and OM617.

Some Programs:

616.916 64 PS (48 kW) and 101 ft-lb. of torque.
1973-1976 W115 240D
1973-1976 W115 240D Longer
616.912 72 PS (54 kW)
1977-1985 W123 240D
1978-1985 W123 240TD
1979-1987 W460 240GD (needs origin: 240GD actually gets the OM616.936 motor)


W123.020 1976--1981 200 2.0 L M115 I4 94 PS (69 kW; 93 hp) at 4800 158 N*m (117 lb*ft) at 3000
W123.220 1979--1985 200 2.0 L M102 I4 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at 5200 170 N*m (125 lb*ft) at 3000
W123.280 1980--1985 200T
W123.120 1976--1979 200D 2.0 L OM615 I4 diesel 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) at 4200 113 N*m (83 lb*ft) at 2400
W123.120 1979--1985 200D 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) at 4400 113 N*m (83 lb*ft) at 2400
W123.126 1976--1979 220D 2.2 L OM615 I4 diesel 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) at 4200 125 N*m (92 lb*ft) at 2400
W123.023 1976--1981 230 2.3 L M115 I4 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at 4800 185 N*m (136 lb*ft) at 3000
W123.223 1979--1985 230E 2.3 L M102 I4 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) at 5100 201 N*m (148 lb*ft) at 3500
W123.043 1977--1980 230C 2.3 L M115 I4 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at 4800 185 N*m (136 lb*ft) at 3000
W123.243 1980--1985 230CE 2.3 L M102 I4 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) at 5100 201 N*m (148 lb*ft) at 3500
W123.083 1978--1980 230T 2.3 L M115 I4 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at 4800 185 N*m (136 lb*ft) at 3000
W123.283 1980--1985 230TE 2.3 L M102 I4 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) at 5100 201 N*m (148 lb*ft) at 3500
W123.123 1976--1985 240D 2.4 L OM616 I4 diesel 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) at 4200
from 02/79: 72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 4400 137 N*m (101 lb*ft) at 2400
W123.125 1977--1985 240D Lang
W123.183 1978--1986 240TD
W123.026 1976--1985 250 2.5 L M123 I6 129 PS (95 kW; 127 hp) at 5500
from 09/79: 140 PS (100 kW; 140 hp) at 5500 192 N*m (142 lb*ft) at 3500
from 09/79: 196 N*m (145 lb*ft) at 3500
W123.028 1977--1985 250 Lang
W123.086 1978--1985 250T
W123.030 1976--1981 280 2.8 L M110 I6 156 PS (115 kW; 154 hp) at 5500 222 N*m (164 lb*ft) at 4000
W123.033 1976--1985 280E 177 PS (130 kW; 175 hp) at 6000
from 1978: 185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp) at 5800 229 N*m (169 lb*ft) at 4500
from 09/79: 235 N*m (173 lb*ft) at 4500
W123.050 1977--1980 280C 156 PS (115 kW; 154 hp) at 5500 222 N*m (164 lb*ft) at 4000
W123.053 1977--1985 280CE 177 PS (130 kW; 175 hp) at 6000
from 1978: 185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp) at 5800 229 N*m (169 lb*ft) at 4500
from 09/79: 235 N*m (173 lb*ft) at 4500
W123.093 1978--1985 280TE
W123.130 1976--1985 300D 3.0 L OM617 I5 diesel 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 4000
from 09/79: 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) at 4400 169 N*m (125 lb*ft) at 2400
W123.132 1977--1985 300D Lang
W123.133 1981--1985 300D Turbo 3.0 L OM617 A I5 turbodiesel 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) at 4350 245 N*m (181 lb*ft) at 2400
W123.150 1977--1981 300CD 3.0 L OM617 I5 diesel 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 4000
from 09/79: 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) at 4400 169 N*m (125 lb*ft) at 2400
W123.153 1981--1985 300CD Turbo 3.0 L OM617 A I5 turbodiesel 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) at 4350 245 N*m (181 lb*ft) at 2400
W123.190 1978--1985 300TD 3.0 L OM617 I5 diesel 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 4000
from 09/79: 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) at 4400 169 N*m (125 lb*ft) at 2400
W123.193 1980--1985 300TD Turbo 3.0 L OM617 A I5 turbodiesel 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) at 4350 245 N*m (181 lb*ft) at 2400

Handbook transmissions can be bought in two standard kinds:

A straightforward but durable sliding-mesh or unsynchronized/non-synchronous system, in which straight-cut spur gear units spin easily, and must certanly be synchronized by the operator matching engine revs to roadway speed, in order to avoid loud and damaging clashing for the gears
The today common constant-mesh gearboxes, which can incorporate non-synchronised, or synchronized/synchromesh methods, where typically diagonal-cut helical (or often either straight-cut, or double-helical) equipment units are continuously "meshed" collectively, and your pet dog clutch is employed for altering gears. On synchromesh cardboard boxes, rubbing cones or "synchro-rings" are utilized as well as the puppy clutch to closely match the rotational speeds of two sides associated with the (declutched) transmission before generally making a full technical involvement.

The previous means is standard in several vintage cars (alongside e.g. epicyclic and multi-clutch techniques) prior to the development of constant-mesh manuals and hydraulic-epicyclic automatics, old heavy-duty trucks, and certainly will nevertheless be present used in some agricultural gear. The latter may be the modern standard for on- and off road transport guide and semi-automatic transmission, even though it is present in numerous kinds; e.g., non-synchronised straight-cut in racetrack or super-heavy-duty solutions, non-synchro helical inside majority of heavy trucks and motorcycles and in certain classic automobiles (e.g. the Fiat 500), and partially or totally synchronised helical in virtually all latest manual-shift traveler automobiles and lighter trucks.

Manual transmissions will be the most typical type outside North America and Australian Continent. These are typically cheaper, less heavy, generally promote better overall performance, nevertheless newest automated transmissions, and CVTs give much better gas economy. It really is customary for brand new motorists to master, and become tested, on an automobile with a manual equipment change. In Malaysia and Denmark all automobiles utilized for screening (and because of that, almost all those employed for instructions and) have a manual transmission. In Japan, the Philippines, Germany, Poland, Italy, Israel, holland, Belgium, New Zealand, Austria, Bulgaria, the UK, Ireland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia, France, Spain, Switzerland, the Australian says of Victoria, Western Australia and Queensland, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania together with Czech Republic, a test pass utilizing a computerized car will not entitle the motorist to utilize a manual automobile regarding the general public road; a test with a manual vehicle is needed. Handbook transmissions are a lot more widespread than automated transmissions in Asia, Africa, south usa and Europe.

Handbook transmissions range from both synchronized and unsynchronized gearing. For instance, reverse equipment is generally unsynchronised, as motorist is anticipated to engage they once the automobile has reached a standstill. Most elderly (up to 1970s) cars also lacked synchronisation on very first equipment (for assorted reasons---cost, typically "smaller" general gearing, engines typically creating more low-end torque, the severe wear on a frequently employed very first gear synchroniser ...), meaning it could simply be useful for leaving an end unless the motorist became adept at double-declutching and had a specific need certainly to regularly downshift in to the cheapest gear.

Some manual transmissions has an exceptionally reduced proportion for first gear, known as a creeper gear or granny gear. These types of gears are perhaps not synchronized. This particular aspect try typical on pick-up vehicles tailored to trailer-towing, agriculture, or construction-site efforts. During normal on-road usage, the vehicle is usually driven without using the creeper equipment whatsoever, and 2nd gear is used from a standing start. Some off-road cars, many particularly the Willy's Jeep as well as its descendants, additionally have transmissions with "granny first's" either as standard or an option, but this function happens to be more frequently given to by a low-range transfer gearbox mounted on a standard totally synchronized transmission.

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