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Ford Falcon AU 6 Cylinder 1998-2002 Gregorys Service Repair Manual

The Ford Falcon (AU) was a full-size automobile which was from Ford Australia from 1998 to 2002. It was initial version of this sixth generation Ford Falcon and included the Ford Fairmont (AU)---the luxury-oriented design number. The AU show changed the EL Falcon built on the past generation structure, and ended up being replaced by the up-to-date BA series.
Independent suspension was a diverse term for any car suspension program enabling each wheel for a passing fancy axle to go vertically (for example. responding to a bump into the roadway) separately of each other. This is certainly compared with a beam axle or deDion axle program where rims tend to be linked -- activity using one side influences the wheel on the reverse side. Remember that "independent" refers to the motion or road of movement of wheels/suspension. It's quite common for the remaining and best side regarding the suspension system to-be related to anti-roll taverns or any other such systems. The anti-roll club ties the left and correct suspension springtime rate collectively but will not link their movement together.

Modern motors have independent forward suspension (IFS). Numerous automobiles also provide an unbiased rear suspension system (IRS). IRS, given that title implies, has the back wheels independently sprung. A completely separate suspension system possess a completely independent suspension on all rims. Some very early separate systems put move axles, but latest systems incorporate Chapman or MacPherson struts, trailing arms, multilink, or wishbones.

Separate suspension system usually offers best trip quality and managing qualities, due to reduced unsprung fat plus the potential of every wheel to handle the road undisturbed by strategies of this various other wheel on vehicle. Independent suspension system requires extra manufacturing efforts and expense in development versus a beam or live axle arrangement. A really complex IRS option can also bring about greater manufacturing outlay.

The reason for reduced unsprung pounds in accordance with a live axle design is the fact that, for driven tires, the differential device doesn't develop area of the unsprung components of the suspension program. Rather it is either bolted straight to the car's chassis or maybe more generally to a subframe.

The general activity between your rims therefore the differential was attained with the use of swinging driveshafts connected via universal (U) bones, analogous towards constant-velocity (CV) joints utilized in front-wheel drive cars.

The AU show is conceived under "Project Eagle" that started in February 1993, and gained the official codename "EA169" in October 1994. It absolutely was created and delivered to markets in 1998 just after Ford Australian Continent have provided consideration to a revamped fifth generation Falcon and a completely imported substitution such as the United states front-wheel drive Ford Taurus or rear-wheel drive Ford top Victoria, the European rear wheel-drive Scorpio and, apparently, perhaps the Japanese rear-wheel drive Mazda 929 (then area of the Ford conglomerate).
Cutaways associated with the 1998 Ford Fairmont (AU) Ghia

The above options were removed in favour of a considerable redesign for the indigenous system, as a result of issues in regards to the Australian markets choice for highest towing capacity, large inside size and neighborhood employment. Specific aspects included, for instance: analysis at that time indicated that 69per cent of Falcons had been installed with towbars as well as the perception that rear-wheel drive cars are best at towing; the fact the import products have limited human anatomy style options (sedan best or sedan and truck) no power to use a V8 engine.

Stylistically, this brand new generation Falcon sported Ford's radically brand-new international build words, labelled "New Edge". The purpose of this build would be to entice a young generation of buyers with avant-garde styles, but in Australia it polarized public-opinion into the advantageous asset of the more organically created rival, the 1997 Holden Commodore (VT). The AU series had an extremely efficient drag coefficient of Cd=0.29 the sedan (an 11percent enhancement within the preceding EL series) and 0.34 for truck.

For the first time in Falcon's history, Independent back Suspension (IRS) became offered as standard on some brands and optional on others. It also featured Australian production firsts, such as for example adjustable Cam time (VCT) on some 6-cylinder systems and an adaptive automated transmission on the high-performance T show with controls equipment shifting buttons.

Crucial modifications through the 5th generation Falcon included a 35 kg (77 pound) lowering of pounds for the base car, 17.5 per cent stiffer bodyshell, and an eight % improvement in gas usage. Peculiarly, Ford Australian Continent decided to use the original 1950's font for new "Falcon" and "Futura" badges.

As stated earlier, the AU is the very first Falcon to provide IRS (a dual wishbone design on a remote subframe) and its particular 6-cylinder engines particularly, incorporated advanced features such VCT on some products and a temperatures sensor into the cylinder mind, which detected coolant loss and allowed the automobile to "limp home" safely by cutting cylinders. The system range comprised: the base Intech design creating 157 kW (which was held more than through the EL series but now using above advanced level electronic services); an "HP" version set aside towards the XR6 making 164 kW (compliment of: unique cylinder head; reshaped inlet port; redesigned exhaust port; 'open' combustion chamber shape to limit pre-detonation from spot areas; unique camshaft; higher gas force; recalibrated EEC V-engine management system); the VCT version making 172 kW when it comes to XR6 VCT; a "Windsor" V8 creating 185 kW (additionally transported over through the EL show but without significant upgrades).

Transmissions were enhanced for better shift feel therefore the auto ended up being recalibrated to better suit the enhanced motors. The six and eight-cylinder models had a 4-speed BTR M93LE and M97LE automated transmissions, respectively for six and eight cylinder designs, correspondingly. The automatic XR series systems had an "adaptive shift" with five moving ways dependent on driving problems. The handbook transmission, are available, had been a 5-speed BTR T5 design.

This program expense A0 million before product introduction and key team included main designer, Steve Park, and Marcus Hotblack, management of Interior Design.

AU (1999--2003)
Ford Fairlane (AU II) Ghia
2000--2003 Ford AU II LTD

Ford launched their "unique Edge" aim to the AU show Fairlane in February 1999, with triumph, though the EA169 system was considered a flop, enabling rival Holden to overtake the organization in marketing of full size vehicles. The AU LTD was released 2 months later on in-may.

The AU Fairlane and LTD systems are the first long-wheelbase sedans to share with you a model code with the Falcon. They had Lincoln city vehicle styling cues, specially all over C-pillar. The range had been pared back once again to just two products, the Fairlane Ghia in addition to LTD, although a limited-edition Fairlane Millennium Ghia has also been available in January 2000. The flagship LTD design had been exported to Fiji and its old-fashioned export markets, New Zealand. A small amount of LTDs were shipped towards United Kingdom, where they were became hearses and limousines.

a high-performance variation of AU Fairlane was launched in 1999 once the FTE TL50. Their even more rates edition may be the T3 (based on the Falcon AU III) of which best three are produced.

Ford brought forward revisions to the Falcon and Fairlane ranges when marketplace recognition associated with the brand-new cars proved poor in July 2000. The 2001 design season AU II models featured some progress, and another limited edition ended up being offered: the 75th Anniversary Ghia in October, with the same motor selection as prior to. The Sportsman Ghia is revived in March 2001 and lasted for longer than one design seasons this time around, leftover into the range towards the end of 2002.

Series We (AU)

The first number of the AU Falcon was released in September 1998 and stayed for sale until a major upgrade in April 2000. It absolutely was promoted beneath the newer motto "You've advanced significantly baby".

The typical AU number included:

Falcon Fort, 4.0L, "Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan/Wagon, 157 kW, 357Nm -- to rival the Holden Commodore government
Falcon Fort, 5.0L, "Windsor" V8, Sedan, 175 kW, 395Nm -- since above
Falcon S, 4.0L, "Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan, 157 kW, 357Nm -- to competing Holden Commodore S
Falcon Futura, 4.0L, "Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan/Wagon, 157 kW, 357Nm -- to rival the Holden Commodore recognition
Fairmont, 4.0L, "Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan/Wagon, 157 kW, 357Nm -- to rival the Holden Berlina
Fairmont Ghia, 4.0L, "Intech VCT" 6-cyl, Sedan, 168 kW, 370Nm -- to rival the Holden Calais
Fairmont Ghia, 5.0L, "Windsor" V8, Sedan, 175 kW, 395Nm -- because above
Falcon XR6, 4.0L, "HP Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan, 164 kW, 366Nm (a Falcon S with a solid rear axle and XR fittings)
Falcon XR6 VCT, 4.0L, "Intech VCT" 6-cyl, Sedan, 172 kW, 374Nm
Falcon XR8, 5.0L, "Windsor" V8, Sedan, 185 kW, 412Nm -- to rival the Holden Commodore SS.

Tickford automobile Engineering, had been accountable for the XR systems that transported the "Tickford" wings badge. From July 1999, the newly created Ford Tickford Experience (FTE) launched these higher-specification and performance T show (T1) versions:

TE50, 5.0L, "Synergy 5000" V8, Sedan, 200 kW, 420Nm
TS50, 5.0L, "Synergy 5000" V8, Sedan, 220 kW, 435Nm, automated only.

The brand new Fort design ended up being the replacement of the older GLi designation. It was designed and marketed to entice to fleet buyers as well as young motorists. When latest, the car ended up being competitively coming in at A,690 with automatic transmission and ac (at that time an alternative on the other side Australian-made rivals) installed as standard.

The greater 'up-spec' model was known as the Falcon Futura, that has been marketed as a family-oriented safety bundle in the same vogue as competing Holden Commodore recognition. The Futura differed from the Fort in having a body colored grille, standard ABS, Cruise Control, alloy wheels and an electronic clock built in the centre system (show I only). The price tag on the vehicle whenever newer is A,990.

The Ford Falcon S (concerning recreations) sedan was also based on the Fort but designed as an entry-level recreations version. They obtained this through further functions such as for example body-coloured grille, alloy tires, S decals regarding the rear quarters and bootlid, non-IRS recreations suspension and increased degree spoiler. Along with options had been restricted to Hot Chilli Red, Liquid Silver, vibrant White, Galaxy (Metallic azure) and Silhouette (Ebony).

The Fairmont is the basic deluxe type of the AU number to face-off their biggest opponent, the Holden Berlina. They had every one of the fittings of Futura but included extras such a honeycomb grille, an 80-second headlamp off wait, wood grain-look dash inserts, special 15" wheels, double horns, Fairmont badging on boot cover and an analogue time clock. The Fairmont was offered in sedan and station wagon bodystyles. Over the Fairmont is the Fairmont Ghia, that has been the best non-performance specs model when you look at the range and sedan best. They had additional functions that included special wheels and more timber grain-look dash inserts. Fairmont & Fairmont Ghia products are not badged as Falcons.

The XR show had been the high performance end of this range. It originally made up the XR6 HP, XR6 VCT, and XR8 models all revealing a distinctive quad-lamp front side bumper bar and non-high end bonnet. All show I XR's might have the option of a full Tickford bodykit and special bi-wing rear spoiler.

With regards to protection gear, the Futura, XR and Fairmont versions all had ABS brake system as well as a motorist's part airbag, that was truly the only primary security function regarding the Falcon S and Fort. The brake system featured 287x24 mm vented front side discs and 287x10.5 mm solid rear disks.

Additional design differentiation was attained via the usage of various grilles and bonnets (reasonable bonnet and vertical "waterfall" grille on Fort, horizontal single bar on Futura, incorporated quad-lamp bumper club and grille on the XR sports number; higher bonnet and large grille on Fairmont number) and much more basic fixtures such as different alloy wheel design, back light groups (clear change indicators on Fairmont), human anatomy colour-coordination and chrome accessories. The wagons featured a rear-end in accordance with the earlier generation Falcons. Inside, the Fairmont and XR design showcased full instrumentation (oil and battery pack m) and Fairmont twins in addition followed an alternate dashboard. As opposed to the standard Falcon featuring a big oval pod integrating air conditioning and stereo, the blissful luxury twin showcased a 2-level distributed to the long-wheelbase AU Fairlane/LTD, with another top degree featuring a woodgrain-like trim across into passenger side that included an analogue time clock, journey computer and environment controls.

Only the Fairmont Ghia and Falcon XR6 VCT featured "Intech" motors from Tickford automobile manufacturing with adjustable device timing. IRS had been installed as traditional regarding the Falcon XR6 VCT, XR8 and Fairmont Ghia, and optional on most various other sedan products; the XR systems becoming the only real ones might also be fitted with a small slide differential.

Despite competitive prices and large standard gear relative to its rivals, especially for the brand new entry Fort, selling regarding the AU did not complement those of this previous model, the EL Falcon. This was partially because insufficient enthusiasm by users for the "New advantage" styling, alteration of fleet purchase pricing plus the lasting drop looking for huge cars.

In May 1999, the AU range received a inform, presenting a larger brake booster, front energy house windows for Fort and XR6 and lowering the rear suspension of non-XR variants by 24 mm. To increase its interior high quality, the Fort had been provided with 'medium graphite' internal trim (somewhat darker than initially) together with patterned chair product had been altered from bolsters into seat centers. Buyers are in addition in a position to order the darker 'warm charcoal' colour pallette of other Falcon alternatives.

Truly the only limited version launched with this initial series, had been the Falcon Classic of June 1999 advertised till October 1999 to improve business. It passed down an egg-crate grille from the non-XR Utility range, twin airbags, abdominal muscles brake system, cruise control, upgraded sound system, a "warm charcoal" internal, energy aerial, special trim, 15-inch alloys, low profile rear spoiler, bumper inserts and prestige paint. Their best retail price is A,690.

Utility

The number of AU Falcon Utility automobiles was released in June 1999. They offered Falcon XL, XLS, XR6 and XR8 design part energy designs, a cab-chassis model and a cab-chassis with factory installed drop-side tray. The latter ended up being the initial tray utility vehicle that Ford Australian Continent have produced for quite some time.

The body of AU Falcon energy differed in build from the contending Holden Ute for the reason that the cargo tray is separate from cab, whereas the tray had been an integral part of the body layer into the Holden. Consequently, this permitted a corner to just accept various after marketplace body sort, including tray decks, provider figures, and camper van shells. Unlike the sedan, the AU Falcon energy motors are remarkably popular.

Show II (AU II)

A number of these problems are resolved with the AU Series II (April 2000). They included:

the "high show" lifted bonnet from Fairmont brands
an even more old-fashioned and typical front side grille the volume Fort and Futura number
boost depth and width for backside bumper
a laminated firewall, enhanced under-carpet asphalting and hydraulic motor mounts to cut back NVH
upgraded braking system (as detailed below)
16" rims (in lieu of the last 15 as a result of the larger twin-piston calipers)
decreased surface approval with newer shock absorbers and low-friction ball-joints
high quality interior plastics (e.g. less oval main dashboard pod with silver highlights)
standard cloth (in lieu of vinyl finishes) and deeper "warm charcoal" interiors
uprated sound methods
upgraded SmartShield security measures with a transponder located in the secret (in lieu of the prior SmartLock that could maybe not avoid thefts with copied secrets)
standard front side airbags across the number.

Human anatomy energy improves, geared towards enhancing occupant protection and the Falcon's score within the separate NCAP crash test regimen, were furthermore reached. Into the said tests, they got a three-star person occupant defense rating with a score of 24.2 as well as in the offset crash test, it was found that there was clearly a reduced danger of injury to all human body regions (such as the driver's base and lower leg as a result of extortionate brake pedal activity). New safety functions included a passenger airbag and seatbelt pretensioners and load limiters regarding the front seats over the range. Wagons are fitted with a three-point lap-sash rear center seatbelt, because of the retractor incorporated into the seat back once again.

The braking program today showcased thicker front and rear discs, twin-piston aluminium-headed front side calipers, bigger non-asbestos brake pads, larger master cylinder and a greater capacity booster. The disks had been now ventilated 287x28 mm at the front and solid 287x16 mm at the back. The XR6 VCT and XR8 are in addition readily available with an optional Tickford Premium Brake setup that brought 329 mm grooved front side braking system disks with twin-piston C4 calipers.

Extra qualities included the development of a 100 watt stereo with single-slot CD athlete, adjustable periodic wipers and home lock/unlock button regarding instrument panel and also the products upgrade (like standard air cooling, front energy windows and automatic transmission) regarding entry Fort design, to shrug off preliminary impressions the lower budget perception from the very first AU show. Additionally over the range, Ford now offered 3-years or 60,000 kilometer value of scheduled servicing contained in the cost.

The standard show II range included:

Falcon Fort, 4.0L, "Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan/Wagon, 157 kW, 357Nm
Falcon Fort, 5.0L, "Windsor" V8, Sedan, 175 kW, 395Nm
Falcon S, 4.0L, "Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan, 157 kW, 357Nm
Falcon Futura, 4.0L, "Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan/Wagon, 157 kW, 357Nm
Fairmont, 4.0L, "Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan/Wagon, 157 kW, 357Nm
Fairmont Ghia, 4.0L, "Intech VCT" 6-cyl, Sedan, 168 kW, 370Nm
Fairmont Ghia, 5.0L, "Windsor" V8, Sedan, 175 kW, 395Nm
Falcon XR6, 4.0L, "Intech" 6-cyl, Sedan, 164 kW, 366Nm
Falcon XR6 VCT, 4.0L, "Intech VCT" 6-cyl, Sedan, 172 kW, 374Nm
Falcon XR8, 5.0L, "Windsor" V8, Sedan, 200 kW, 420Nm (to April 2001)
Falcon XR8, 5.0L, "Windsor" V8, Sedan, 220 kW, 435Nm (from might 2001).

As in the list above, the engine range remained mainly at first, with the exception of increased output when it comes to XR8 and also the introduction, from July 2000, of a dedicated LPG engine, marketed whilst the "Intech E-Gas". It have a single-point, venturi-style carburetor as opposed to sequential shot as per the petrol machines. Various other distinctions included: different spark plugs, inductive high tension prospects and an original system administration processor. The sedans were fitted with a 92-litre LPG cylinder, while wagons had 115 litre cylinders.

Sedan-based limited versions included the: X-Pack (a Fort upgrade with a range of two ROH alloy wheel designs through the Ford accessories line as standard and original XR rear wing), SR (Fort-based S successor now with ABS), Futura Timeless, Futura & Fairmont Ghia 75th Anniversary sedans (to commemorate Ford Australian Continent's beginning in 1925), XR8 Rebel (featuring a finite edition Ford race bodykit, 18-inch rims, MOMO tyre and gear shift and a Sony Playstation2).

Enhancing the X-Pack, in late 2000 Stillwell Ford dealers in South Australia established a Sportryder variant, which added an upgraded and decreased recreation suspension system using Pedders equipment plus locally sourced CSA alloy wheels for A,990.

The Falcon Utility Series II range included the XL, XLS, XR and XR8 with restricted editions including (by particular base model): Tradesman (XL); Sports Edition and Marlin (XLS); Pursuit (XR).

The FTE T2 number comprised:

TE50, 5.0L, "Synergy 5000" V8, Sedan, 220 kW, 435Nm
TS50, 5.0L, ""Synergy 5000" V8, Sedan, 220 kW, 435Nm.

The Ford Fairlane and LTD is full-size deluxe automobiles which were stated in a few models by Ford Australian Continent between 1959 (with all the LTD commencing production in 1973) and 2007.

From 1959 to 1964, the Fairlane had been an in your area assembled form of the American Ford Fairlane which had taken their title from Henry Ford's home, Fair Lane, near Dearborn, Michigan. This was Ford Australian Continent's top-of-the-range model until changed by an Australian-assembled form of the full-size United states Ford Galaxie. In 1967, Ford Australia reintroduced the Fairlane, this time as an Australian-developed, luxury, long-wheelbase version of their mainstream Falcon, positioned between your Falcon in addition to Galaxie. The locally assembled Galaxie evolved to the LTD which was itself replaced in 1973 by an Australian-developed, Fairlane-based model, also called the Ford LTD. In united states, unlike their designation in Australia, it was not considered an extra automobile. In Australia, "LTD" originally stood for "Lincoln means Design", although Ford Australia later on marketed a connection using the definition "brief".

The Fairlane and LTD competed available with the Holden Brougham (1968--1971), the Statesman (1971--1984) and later with all the Holden Statesman and Caprice (1990--2007).

Ford created the Fairlane/LTD at Campbellfield, Victoria, and Eagle Farm, Queensland, during the early ages. Until around March/April 1978 with the future release of the Ford Falcon (XD) and its particular types, Ford consolidated Falcon manufacturing at Campbellfield and Fairlane/LTD manufacturing to Eagle Farm. All over release of the new generation through the EA Falcon period (1988), Eagle Farm ceased make of cars and only created heavy trucks until their closure in 1998.
Series III (AU III)

This best AU-based Falcon was provided at Sydney Motorshow in November 2001, by shock

The Falcon's show III range shown compared to the AU II, except for:

the discontinuance associated with Falcon S
the base Falcon XR6 now also fitted with VCT (but a detuned 168 kW (225 hp) version using the Fairmont Ghia's exhaust system to separate they from higher-spec XR6 VCT)
a small edition Falcon XR6 VCT Sprint (with original Ford race bodykit through the XR8 Rebel)
a Falcon XR8 quest 250 Utility by TFE (250 kW upgrade).

FTE in addition introduced stronger T3 designs as follows:

TE50, 5.6L, "Windsor" V8, Sedan, 250 kW, 500Nm
TS50, 5.6L, "Windsor" V8, Sedan, 250 kW, 500Nm.

Externally, the Series III, showcased body-coloured mirrors and side strips plus standard part dresses and differing tires on some versions. Headlights became a shade darker, part signs obvious and a dot matrix windscreen was added to minimize sunshine glare. Regarding interiors, additional qualities had been added as standard: Futura -- back power windows and velour trim; Fairmont -- 6-way power-adjustable motorist's seat; Fairmont Ghia -- 10-way power-adjustable motorist's chair and fabric trim. Though abdominal muscles became standard throughout the number, the XR brands lost equipment: XR6 -- limited-slip differential (LSD) now optional; all XR's -- stereo downgrade to a 4-speaker single-CD unit. A bodykit sold as "Havoc" (with new front and back bumpers featuring stainless mesh inserts; fog lights; part dresses and an optional back spoiler) became optional on all Falcons with XR8 purchasers furthermore obtaining the choice of a Tickford bodykit and/or Ford race bodykit (originally showcased on the AU II Falcon XR8 Rebel). Fairmont and XR may possibly also optioned aided by the "REX" (backside Entertainment XTreme) bundle, enabling back traveler to play DVD videos or connect game systems.

The connected production of Falcon Series II and III to September 2002 totaled 237,701 devices.



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