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Holden Commodore VT VX VY VZ Series 1997 2006 Gregorys Manual

The Holden Commodore is an vehicle produced because 1978 by the Holden subsidiary of General Motors inside Australia, plus, formerly, inside New Zealand. In the mid-1970s, Holden established proposals with substitute the long-serving Kingswood nameplate with a small, Opel-based model. Opel continued with supply the basis for future decades till the release of the 4th generation inside 2006, that deployed an Australian developed platform.

Initially introduced because a single sedan body fashion, the range extended inside 1979 with include a station wagon. From 1984, Holden started branding the flagship Commodore model because Holden Calais; the mid-range Holden Berlina followed inside 1988. Long-wheelbase Statesman/Caprice derivatives plus Commodore utility body variants followed inside 1990. Starting from 2000, the utility became acknowledged officially because the Holden Ute. The foundations for a revived Monaro coup, four-door Holden Crewman utility, plus all-wheel drive Adventra crossover were offered by the today discontinued 3rd generation architecture.

Rivalry has come predominantly within the Ford Falcon---also nearby built. Before the 1988 onwards 2nd generation Commodore, the Holden was placed the full class under the full-size Falcon. To a lower degree, competition has furthermore come from Toyota, plus earlier Mitsubishi Motors, with their mid-size vehicles. Between 1989 plus 1997, Toyota retailed a Toyota Lexcen adaptation of the 2nd generation Commodore. With the introduction of generation 3 inside 1997, Holden broadened the Commodore s export plans. Because the late 1990s, Commodores have been transferred abroad because the Chevrolet Lumina inside the Middle East till 2011 plus South Africa till 2012, plus because the Chevrolet Omega inside Brazil till 2008, then again inside 2010. Vauxhall VXR8 sales started inside 2007. Versions have furthermore been earlier exported inside the mid-1990s with Southeast Asia because the Opel Calais, plus with North America from 2007 with 2009 because the Pontiac G8. As of June 2014, the newest Commodore, the VF, is available inside North America because the Chevrolet SS.
The V platform is a rear-wheel drive vehicle platform which underpinned different General Motors cars from 1966 from with its final discontinuation inside 2007. The V platform was developed inside the 1960s by the German subsidiary of GM, Opel, nevertheless, it wasn't without substantial revision over its lifetime. The platform s phase-out started whenever European creation ended throughout 2003, when the Australian variants, yielded by Holden continued till 2007, following their final substitution by Zeta-derived models. The initial of these Zeta vehicles came inside 2006, with all the remaining changing over inside 2007. V-cars are diagnosed by the "V" 4th character inside their Car Identification Number. Although completely unrelated, the "V platform" designation was equally chosen for a series of North American front-wheel drive individual deluxe coupes).
The Holden VT Commodore, Berlina, plus Calais are the tenth iteration of the Holden Commodore, a full-size vehicle built by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors. Released inside 1997, the VT was up-to-date because a element of the VT II revision inside 1999, before being changed by the VX model inside 2000. In 1998, the VT created the basis of the prototype which became the catalyst for the re-introduction inside 2001 of the Holden Monaro coup---a nameplate about hiatus because 1977.

The VT series was granted the 1997 Wheels Car of the Year, causing the 4th time which this honor was earned by the Commodore. It found willing approval inside the marketplace because various customers steered away within the Ford AU Falcon, becoming the number one marketing Commodore with date plus cementing its area because first inside Australian sales.
The VT project was the result of a A0 million development system which spanned over half a decade. The unique model sported a rounded outdoor body shell, improved dynamics, plus countless firsts for an Australian-built auto. A stronger body structure, 20 % stiffer than the VS improved crash protection.

As with past Commodore models, Holden looked with Opel inside Germany for a donor vehicle. The VT series was produced within the Omega B by broadening which car s width plus adapting the mechanical setup for Australian conditions.

The alternative with the above mentioned, might have been with follow the Omega because is, protect for the machines plus transmissions or merely reskinning the existing 2nd generation architecture.

The 2 transmissions are differentiated mostly by the amount of pinion gears inside their planetary gearsets: The 4L60-E has 4, when the heavy-duty 4L65-E has five. Other ingredients of the 4L60-E shape were strengthened whenever the 4L65-E was introduced, nevertheless these were included into the 4L60-E inside 2002
The VT heralded the fitment of semi-trailing arm independent back suspension because standard over the range. But, whenever initially carried over, the European shape was simplified with all the reduction of the toe control link, standard equipment found on the six-cylinder Omega because 1987. This enabled distortions with the suspension camber angle plus toe below thick weight, commonly occurring throughout thick towing or whenever going over undulated surfaces, leading with excessive back tyre wear. Holden s performance arm HSV re-added the toe control link found on the flagship GTS 300 model, based found on the Series II update. The supercharged V6 was uprated with 171 kilowatts within the past VS model. For the Series I, the supercharged engine was optional found on the S, SS, plus Calais trims. The supercharged V6 accessibility was revised for the Series II. No longer accessible found on the SS, it became optional found on the Berlina plus standard fitment of the Calais, though the naturally aspirated variation might be specified because a "delete option". Safety smart, side airbags with torso plus head security became a choice for the Acclaim plus high models inside 1998, a initially for Holden because were more advanced electronics from release including optional traction control plus key-based memory settings for Calais.

Commodore Executive V6 guide from A,760 sedan plus A,600 wagon, with optional automatic, plus V8
Commodore Acclaim V6 automatic from A,980 sedan plus A,960 wagon
Commodore S V6 guide from A,810 sedan just, with all the choice of the V6 Supercharged automatic
Commodore SS V8 guide from A,160 sedan just, with optional automatic or V6 Supercharged automatic
Berlina V6 automatic from A,800 sedan plus A,600 wagon, with optional V8 automatic
Calais V6 automatic from A,760 sedan just, with optional V8 automatic or V6 Supercharged automatic.

The Getrag 260 became a 5-speed guide transmission included inside BMW plus General Motors cars between 1984 plus 2005. It coexisted inside the marketplace with all the lighter-duty Getrag 240, plus higher priced Getrag 265 models.

A timing belt, timing chain or cam belt is a element of a internal combustion engine which synchronizes the rotation of the crankshaft as well as the camshaft thus which the engine s valves open plus close at the right occasions throughout every cylinder s intake plus exhaust strokes. In an interference engine the timing belt or chain is equally important with preventing the piston from striking the valves. A timing belt is a belt which generally attributes teeth found on the inside surface, when a timing chain is a roller chain.

Many contemporary manufacturing vehicle machines use the timing belt or chain with synchronize crankshaft plus camshaft rotation; certain motors rather use gears with straight drive the camshafts. The employ of the timing belt or chain rather of direct gear drive allows engine designers with put the camshaft further within the crankshaft, plus inside machines with numerous camshafts a timing belt or chain additionally allows the camshafts with be located further from every additional. Timing stores were normal about manufacturing cars from the 1970s plus 1980s, whenever timing belts became the norm, nevertheless timing stores have watched a resurgence inside latest years. Timing stores are more durable than timing belts -- though neither is because durable because direct gear drive -- though, timing belts are lighter, cheaper, plus work more quietly.
In the internal combustion engine application the timing belt or chain links the crankshaft with the camshaft, which control the starting plus closing of the engine s valves. A four-stroke engine needs which the valves open plus close when each alternative revolution of the crankshaft. The timing belt does this. It has teeth with turn the camshaft synchronised with all the crankshaft, plus is particularly crafted for a certain engine. In several engine designs the timing belt will additionally be employed with drive different engine components including water pump plus oil pump.

Gear or chain systems are moreover chosen with connect the crankshaft with the camshaft at the correct timing. But, gears plus shafts constrain the relative place of the crankshaft plus camshafts. Even where the crankshaft plus camshaft are especially close together, because inside pushrod motors, many engine designers employ a brief chain drive instead of a direct gear drive. This really is considering gear forces experience frequent torque reversal because the cam profiles "kick back" from the drive within the crank, leading with excessive sound plus wear. Fibre gears, with more resilience, are preferred with steel gears where direct drive has with be chosen.

A belt or chain enables more flexibility inside the relative places of the crankshaft plus camshafts.

While stores plus gears can be more durable, rubber composite belts are quieter inside their surgery, are cheaper plus better, by dint of being lighter, whenever compared with a gear or chain program. Also, timing belts never need lubrication, that is important with a timing chain or gears. A timing belt is a particular application of the synchronous belt utilized with transfer rotational force synchronously.

Timing belts are usually covered by metal or polymer timing belt covers that need treatment for inspection or substitution. Engine producers suggest substitution at certain intervals. The producer might furthermore suggest the substitution of alternative components, including water pump, whenever the timing belt is changed considering the more expense with substitute water pump is negligible compared with the expense of accessing the timing belt. In an interference engine, or 1 whose valves extend into the path of the piston, failure of the timing belt invariably results inside costly plus, inside several situations, irreparable engine damage, because several valves is held open whenever they cannot be and therefore is struck by the pistons.

Indicators which the timing chain could have to be changed include a rattling sound within the front of the engine.

The Holden Commodore, Berlina plus Calais, and Ute range of full-size vehicles were the eleventh instalment of Holden Commodore, a model produced by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors. Produced between October 2000 plus September 2002, the VX served because minor update with the VT series from 1997 plus premiered revised styling, better model differentiation, together with gains inside crash protection. An intermediate Series II was established inside August 2001, featuring a revised suspension program amidst alternative changes.
Safety played a significant character inside the development of the VX model. Bosch variation 5.3 anti-lock brakes were created standard about all variants, a initial for an Australian manufactured car; plus traction control was produced accessible about cars loaded with manual transmission. Extensive analysis was performed with decrease the effects from a side-impact collision from modification of the B-pillars. The risk presented with a side-impact collision inside a VX fitted without side airbags is reduced by 50 % compared to a similarly specified VT model.
The VX series introduced further mechanical updates with the 3.8-litre Ecotec V6 engine, that received changes with the engine administration computer with bring force about 152 kilowatts. Fuel economy was furthermore improved over the past model by 3 with 4 %. The optional Supercharged Ecotec V6 extended its service with the Executive plus Acclaim variants, with all the 171-kilowatt output figure remaining unchanged within the VT. Also as the supercharged six-cylinder, an a lot more effective 5.7-litre Chevrolet-sourced Gen III V8 engine was available. The powerplant received force increases from 220 with 225 kilowatts.

A modified front suspension setup received lower control arm pivot points. The Series II update showcased the addition of the fresh back cross associate, revised back control arm assemblies with modern design bushing plus toe-control hyperlinks with the semi-trailing arm back suspension with greater keep the toe settings throughout suspension movements, causing more predictable vehicle handling, noticeably over uneven surfaces, plus improved tyre wear.
The L67 is the supercharged adaptation of the 3800 Series II L36 plus appeared inside 1996, 1 year following the usually aspirated adaptation. It utilizes the Eaton Generation III M90 supercharger with a 3.8" pulley, a heavier throttle body, gas injectors, cylinder heads, plus lower consumption manifold than the L36 utilizes. Both machines share the same engine blocks, yet compression is reduced from 9.4:1 inside the L36 with 8.5:1 for the L67. GM indexed the engine output because 240 hp plus 280 lb ft of torque, though among the stock machines were really dyno-tested at 304 hp. Despite being an all iron engine, it really is amazingly light weighing just 392 lb. Final drive ratios are reduced inside many applications, for greater gas economy plus more employ of the engine s torque inside the low range. Like many 3800 V6s, the engine is popular for the dependability plus low repair bills. The engine is a prevalent choice for aftermarket modification because of its rather sturdy internals plus impressive energy gains from simple upgrades. The engine was integrated Flint, Michigan plus was qualified LEV inside 2001.
The entry-level Executive had been a prevalent choice among fleet customers, plus available standard attributes like anti-lock brakes, a driver s air bag, trip computer, plus central locking. Along with all alternative variants, steering wheel sound controls, a CD player, plus an electrically retracting force antenna were today standard. The naturally aspirated 3.8-litre Ecotec V6 came standard found on the Executive, with all the way of the Supercharged Ecotec V6 or Gen III V8 engine. V6 motors were combined with a five-speed guide transmission, plus V8s came with a six-speed guide. A four-speed automatic transmission was accessible because an optional additional, irrespective of the engine choice.
Commodore Acclaim

The next tier Acclaim was advertised because a family-oriented variation of the VX range, with a sturdy focus about protection. Building found on the equipment degrees of the Executive, the Acclaim furthermore showcased 4 airbags, cruise control, traction control, air conditioner plus energy windows. A four-speed automatic transmission was truly the only transmission accessible, though customers did have the chance with choose the Supercharged Ecotec V6 engine.
The flagship Calais shares the prestige design exterior with all the Berlina, however is distinguishable by its 16-inch alloy wheels plus chrome outlined foglamps. An eight-speaker sound program, with a 10 stack CD player plus supercharged V6 engine were moreover standard. The Calais presented the same optional qualities because the Berlina, yet permitted for the inclusion of leather upholstery. With the Berlina, the centre system was completed with either the black or beige plastic panel depending found on the inside color scheme, though the Calais upped the ante with a lumber grain-faced system, or perhaps a satin-finished faade for Series II variants.
Before the VU, Holden had advertised their Commodore-based utility models beneath the Holden Utility plus Holden Commodore utility names, though the expression "Holden Ute" was equally employed inside their official advertising literature. The VU Ute s successor was assigned the same model code because the sedan it is very based about.

The VU changed the VS Utility. The VU s arrival was 36 months following the VT Commodore sedan, meaning it arrived inside time for the release of the VX Commodore. The VU utilises the same wheelbase because the VT Commodore station wagon plus WH Statesman/Caprice, meaning a wheelbase heighten of 116 mm. The Ute uses the same interior because the Commodore, when furthermore choosing up the VX s upgraded equipment lists plus re-styled outdoor shape.

Base : Built up within the Commodore Executive s specification. Available with 3.8-litre 152 kW Ecotec V6 - 4sp car, 5sp guide or 5.7-litre 225 kW Generation 3 V8 - 6sp guide or 4sp auto
S : Based about Commodore S specification. Available with 3.8-litre 152 kW Ecotec V6 - 4sp car, 5sp manual speed.
SS : Based about Commodore SS specification, minus side-impact airbags. Available with a 5.7-litre 225 kW Generation 3 V8 - 6sp guide or 4sp auto

The range received a minor refresh with all the VX Series 2 models 12 months later, with all the main upgrade being an more 5 kW with Holden s Generation 3 V8 s.

The VU was superseded by the VY ute inside September 2002.
Special editions

In October 2001 a specialized edition "SS Fifty" model was introduced with mark the 50th anniversary of the introduction of the initial "Holden Ute", the Holden 50-2106 Coupe Utility. This model was limited with 500 units plus were crafted with become a collector s item; each SS 50 was identical inside terms of color schemes, all 500 units were introduced with a black outdoor along with a partial leather interior which contained a lot of "hyper yellow" accents.

Other products which prepared the SS 50 different were the chrome sports bar found on the back, specific black-and-yellow engine cover, a leather-wrapped steering wheel, handbrake cover plus gear knob and a color-coded instrument cluster with match the leather bolsters found on the sports seats.
The Holden Commodore, Berlina, Calais, plus Ute are a series of vehicles yielded by Holden inside Australia between September 2002 plus August 2004. The VY Commodore, that was the twelfth Holden Commodore series, was the successor with the VX Commodore. A VY Series II was introduced inside August 2003 plus which produced means for the up-to-date VZ Commodore range inside August 2004.

The VY Commodore was obtainable in many models. These are the Commodore Executive, Acclaim, S, SV8 plus SS as well as the Berlina plus Calais models that were not badged because Commodores. All the models inside the VY range were available because sedans as well as the Executive, Acclaim plus Berlina were moreover accessible because wagons. Unusually, the VY equally introduced a limited edition SS wagon featuring the same 235 kW for Series II) V8, bodykit plus sports suspension because the SS sedan. But, it was loaded with 17-inch alloy wheels because opposed with the 18 inch wheels found on the sedan. 500 these wagons were yielded for Series I plus 350 for Series II.

The VY was the last Commodore with utilize the 3.8 litre ECOTEC V6 machines.

Sales of the VY Commodore failed with match those of the earlier VT model.
The front plus back of the body had minor restyling, with unique front grille, headlights plus taillights. The interior has been greatly upgraded. Interior upgrade involves a fresh instrument panel, centre system plus steering wheel plus hot shape transmission lever plus handbrake. There is moreover a brand-new mobile telephone energy outlet beneath the centre system. The new instrument cluster attributes a big multi-function digital show, that showcases info including radio station show, PRND321 gear chosen signal, trip computer with stopwatch function, service reminders along with a aid center.

Standard attributes today include "twilight sentinel" - automatic headlamp control, programmable headlamps off time delay, excellent feature Blaupunkt sound systems, road-speed sensitive intermittent wipers plus passenger airbags.

The VY Series II update added cruise control, front energy windows varying front seat lumbar help, plus revised inside trims. A 245 kW V8 was introduced with sports variants along with a sportier repositioning of the Calais model. This repositioning included a subtle body kit, the possibility of the 235 kW V8 inside spot of the past 225 kW along with a firmer suspension tune that has been less stiff because the FE2 suspension about sports variants.
When introduced inside the 1997 Corvette the LS1 was rated at 345 hp at 5,600 rpm plus 350 lbf ft at 4,400 rpm. After improvements with the consumption plus exhaust manifolds inside 2001 the rating improved with 350 hp plus 365 lbf ft. The LS1 was selected inside the Corvette from 97-04. It was additionally selected inside 98-02 GM F-Body vehicles with a rating of 305--325+ HP, that was rumored with be traditional. The additional horsepower was said with come within the consumption ram-air impact obtainable in the SS plus WS6 models. In Australia, continuous modifications were produced with the LS1 engine throughout its life, achieving 382 bhp inside the HSV s YII series, along with a Callaway modified adaptation called "C4B" was fitted with HSV GTS models producing 402 bhp. Known with hold about 5000HP about stock internals, more than a 2JZ machines.
The Holden Adventra is a crossover SUV produced between 2003 with 2004/2005. The Adventra is based found on the VY II Commodore station wagon, however qualities an all-wheel drive configuration because opposed with a rear-wheel drive running gear. Available inside 2 equipment levels---CX8 plus LX8---with a standardised driveline consisting of the single powertrain combination. That being, a 5.7 litre Generation III V8 engine rated at 235 kilowatts along with a four-speed automatic transmission.

Over the standard Commodore wagon, the Adventra adds a 60/40 split back tailgate, extra gauges compared with the 2,939 mm of the Ute; along with a less tray -- 1,463 mm compared with the 2,193 mm of the Ute In December 2003, Holden introduced an all-wheel drive variant of the Crewman recognised as the Crewman Cross 8. Powered with a 225 kW V8 engine, the Cross 8 showcased a modified appearance, more suited with an off-road car.

Both the Crewman plus One Tonner models added instant sales with the Holden range, sparking fast expansion of the Holden Ute range, its initial main development spurt because its 1990 re-introduction. When again the same 3 requirements were carried over for the VY, with all the Ute range obtainable in base Ute, S & SS types. The same didn't make an application for the One-Tonner cab-chassis range though -- it was obtainable in merely 2 model types, base plus S.

Base: Based about Commodore Executive specification. Available with 3.8-litre 152 kW Ecotec V6
S : Based about Commodore S specification. Available with 3.8-litre 152 kW Ecotec V6 -- 4sp car, 5sp manual
SS: Based about Commodore SS specification. 5.7-litre 235 kW Generation 3 V8 -- 6sp guide or 4sp auto

Crewman models were found on the additional hand accessible with all the same 3 requirements because the Ute range, plus were introduced conjointly with all the rest of Holden s VY Series 2 range, the main update this time being the addition of 10 kW with the Gen.3 V8. By December 2003 the Crewman range had extended with include Holden s first AWD utility inside the shape of the Crewman Cross 8. The Cross 8 received bolstered wheelarches, raised ride height and extra equipment, with all the sole drivetrain being the newly upgraded Gen.3 V8 associated with a 4-speed automatic. V6-powered versions of the One Tonner & Crewman were just accessible with automatic transmission. The VY s were superseded by the arrival of the VZ range inside August 2004
Emergency brake aid or Brake Assist is a generic expression for an vehicle braking development which increases braking stress inside an emergency condition. The initial application was developed jointly by Daimler-Benz plus TRW/LucasVarity. Research performed inside 1992 at the Mercedes-Benz driving simulator inside Berlin revealed which over 90% of motorists are not able to brake with enough force inside emergency instances.

By interpreting the speed plus force with that the brake pedal is forced, the program detects when the driver is struggling with execute an emergency stop, plus when the brake pedal is not totally used, the program overrides plus totally applies the brakes till the Anti-lock Braking System takes over with stop the wheels locking up.
Autonomous cruise control is an optional cruise control program for road cars which automatically changes the car speed with keep the secure distance from cars ahead. It makes no utilize of satellite or roadside infrastructures neither of any cooperative help from different cars. Hence control is imposed based about sensor info from on-board sensors just. The extension with cooperative cruise control demands either fixed infrastructure because with satellites, roadside beacons or mobile infrastructures because reflectors or transmitters found on the back of alternative cars ahead.

Such systems go beneath different trade names based on the producer. These systems employ either a radar or laser sensor setup permitting the car with slow whenever approaching another car ahead plus accelerate again with the preset speed whenever traffic enables - illustration movie. ACC development is commonly considered a key component of any future decades of smart vehicles. The impact is equally about driver protection because about economising ability of roads by adjusting the distance between cars based on the conditions.
A traction control program, inside German termed as Antriebsschlupfregelung, is usually a secondary function of the anti-lock braking program about creation engine cars, tailored with avoid reduction of traction of driven road wheels. TCS is triggered whenever throttle input plus engine torque are mismatched with road surface conditions.

Intervention consists of 1 or even more of the following:

Brake force used with 1 or even more wheels
Reduction or suppression of spark sequence with 1 or even more cylinders
Reduction of gas provide with 1 or even more cylinders
Closing the throttle, when the car is fitted with drive by cable throttle
In turbocharged cars, the boost control solenoid is actuated with lower boost plus consequently engine force.

Typically, traction control systems share the electrohydraulic brake actuator plus wheel speed sensors with ABS.

Holden Commodore VT VX VY VZ Series Gregorys Service and Repair Manual 1997-2006 - 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

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